A Companion to 19th-Century America by William Barney

By William Barney

A significant other to 19th-Century America is an authoritative assessment of present historiographical advancements and significant issues within the heritage of nineteenth-century the USA. Twenty-seven students, all experts of their personal thematic parts, study the main debates and historiography. A thematic and chronological association brings jointly the key time classes, politics, the Civil conflict, economic system, and social and cultural background of the 19th century. Written with the overall reader in brain, every one essay surveys the old learn, the rising matters, and assesses the long run path of scholarship.

  • Complete insurance of the entire significant topics and present debates in nineteenth-century US background assessing the country of the scholarship and destiny issues.
  • 24 unique essays via best specialists in nineteenth-century American background whole with up to date bibliographies.
  • Chronological and thematic association covers either conventional and modern fields of study - politics, sessions, financial system, type formation, ethnicity, gender roles, areas, tradition and concepts.

Chapter One Early nationwide Politics and tool, 1800–1824 (pages 5–18): Robert M. S. McDonald
Chapter The Jacksonian period, 1825–1844 (pages 19–32): Jonathan Atkins
Chapter 3 The Sectionalization of Politics, 1845–1860 (pages 33–46): John Ashworth
Chapter 4 Civil conflict and Reconstruction, 1861–1877 (pages 47–60): Vernon Burton
Chapter 5 The Gilded Age, 1878–1900 (pages 61–72): Robert W. Cherny and William L. Barney
Chapter Six American legislations within the 19th Century (pages 73–85): John E. Semonche
Chapter Seven American growth, 1800–1867 (pages 89–103): John M. Belohlavek
Chapter 8 the worldwide Emergence of the us, 1867–1900 (pages 104–117): Eric Rauchway
Chapter 9 The Emergence of a industry economic climate earlier than 1860 (pages 119–138): Stanley L. Engerman and Robert E. Gallman
Chapter Ten Industrialization and the increase of agencies, 1860–1900 (pages 139–151): David B. Sicilia
Chapter 11 Urbanization (pages 152–163): Timothy J. Gilfoyle
Chapter Twelve the improvement of the operating periods (pages 164–177): Kevin Kenny
Chapter 13 The Evolution of the center type (pages 178–191): Cindy S. Aron
Chapter Fourteen African american citizens (pages 193–208): Donald R. Wright
Chapter Fifteen Native?American heritage (pages 209–222): Michael D. eco-friendly and Theda Perdue
Chapter 16 Gender and the altering Roles of ladies (pages 223–237): Laura F. Edwards
Chapter Seventeen Immigration and Ethnicity (pages 238–254): Nora Faires
Chapter Eighteen The South: From previous to New (pages 255–271): Stephen W. Berry
Chapter Nineteen the center West (pages 272–285): Andrew R. L. Cayton
Chapter Twenty The Relational West (pages 286–300): Molly P. Rozum
Chapter Twenty?One The Communications Revolution and pop culture (pages 301–316): David Hochfelder
Chapter Twenty?Two reading American faith (pages 317–333): Catherine A. Brekus
Chapter Twenty?Three technology and expertise (pages 334–344): Alan I. Marcus
Chapter Twenty?Four A History/Historiography of Representations of the USA (pages 345–358): Barbara Groseclose

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Charles Sellers presented a more pessimistic assessment in The Market Revolution: Jacksonian America, 1815±1846 (1991). Sellers emphasized the profound cultural differences arising from 30 JONATHAN ATKINS the contrasting subsistence and market modes of production as he centered his account upon capitalism's expanding influence and its creation of a bourgeois society. '' While Whigs became ``unabashed champions of enterprise and the bourgeois/middle class ethic,'' Sellers contended, Democrats ``performed the more difficult and ethically ambiguous function .

John Ashworth and Lawrence Frederick Kohl, meanwhile, presented close readings of the parties' ideologies as revealed through the speeches and writings of their adherents in works that further highlighted the impact of the market transformation. In ``Agrarians'' and ``Aristocrats'': Party Political Ideology in the United States, 1837± 1846 (1983), Ashworth built his argument for the intellectual gulf separating Democrats and Whigs upon the contention of the incompatibility of democracy and capitalism.

Howe found in party rhetoric an emphasis on a commitment to ``improvement,'' a concern for `` `duties' rather than `rights,' '' and a belief in the organic unity of society that was concerned with muting social conflict. Through biographical studies of several leading Whigs, who often disagreed on specific policies, Howe concluded that Whiggery in general was motivated by moral absolutism, a sense of paternalism, and a desire to give direction to a society that could easily lose control of itself.

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