A Piaget Primer: How a Child Thinks; Revised Edition by Dorothy G. Singer

By Dorothy G. Singer

Offers a desirable and comprehensible account of formative years improvement for anyone—education and psychology scholars, day care heart employees and nursery college lecturers, and parents.

Jean Piaget is arguably crucial determine of the 20th century within the box of kid psychology. Over greater than six many years of learning and dealing with kids, he brilliantly and insightfully charted the phases of a kid's highbrow maturation from the 1st years to maturity, and in doing so pioneered a brand new mode of figuring out the altering ways that a toddler involves seize the world.

the aim of A Piaget Primer is to make Piaget's very important paintings with no trouble obtainable to lecturers, therapists, scholars, and naturally, mom and dad. famous American psychologists distill Piaget's advanced findings into splendidly transparent formulations with out sacrificing both subtlety or importance. to complete this, they hire not just lucid language yet such attention-grabbing illuminations of a kid's global and imaginative and prescient as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Winnie-the-Pooh, in addition to media manifestations like Barney and Sesame Street. This thoroughly revised variation of this vintage paintings is as stress-free because it is invaluable—an crucial advisor to comprehending and speaking with youngsters higher than we ever have ahead of.

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Moreover, the increase in entropy of the kitchen (the surroundings) is irreversible. We know from everyday experience that heat never spontaneously passes back from the kitchen into the teakettle to raise the temperature of the water to 100 ЊC again. Case 2: The Oxidation of Glucose Entropy is a state not only of energy but of matter. Aerobic (heterotrophic) organisms extract free en- certain amount of work. The amount of energy available to do work is the free-energy change, ⌬G; this is always somewhat less than the theoretical amount of energy released, because some energy is dissipated as the heat of friction.

The precise threedimensional structure, or native conformation, of the protein is crucial to its function. Once in its native conformation, a protein may associate noncovalently with other proteins, or with nucleic acids or lipids, to form supramolecular complexes such as chromosomes, ribosomes, and membranes. The individual molecules of these complexes have specific, high-affinity binding sites for each other, and within the cell they spontaneously form functional complexes. Strand 1 Strand 2 Gene 1 G C T T A T C G T C G C G C G C G T A G New strand 2 RNA 1 T C New strand 1 RNA 2 RNA 3 C G C G Old strand 1 Transcription of DNA sequence into RNA sequence A T C T T C G A C G A C T G Gene 3 Gene 2 G C A G Old strand 2 Translation (on the ribosome) of RNA sequence into protein sequence and folding of protein into native conformation FIGURE 1–30 Complementarity between the two strands of DNA.

The basic unit of DNA is a linear polymer of four different monomeric subunits, deoxyribonucleotides, arranged in a precise linear sequence. It is this linear sequence that encodes the genetic information. Two of these polymeric strands are twisted about each other to form the DNA double helix, in which each deoxyribonucleotide in one strand pairs specifically with a complementary deoxyribonucleotide in the opposite strand. Before a cell divides, the two DNA strands separate and each serves as a template for the synthesis of a new complementary strand, generating two identical double-helical molecules, one for each daughter cell.

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