A Space Physics Paradox: Why Has Increased Funding Been by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Space Studies Board, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research

Committee on Solar-Terrestrial study, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and weather, house reviews Board, department on the earth and lifestyles experiences, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide learn Council

This e-book investigates and analyzes a number of hectic traits in govt aid for house physics examine during the last decade. The authors establish investment and administration difficulties that thwart fee potency inside this self-discipline, and recommend attainable options. the amount additionally has broader implications for someone engaged in study or within the investment and organizing of area physics learn.

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Additional info for A Space Physics Paradox: Why Has Increased Funding Been Accompanied by Decreased Effectiveness in the Conduct of Space Physics Research?

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Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. 3 Federally funded research by performer, fiscal years 1969-1990 (in billions of 1982 dollars). , December 1990), Table 1. Key: FFRDCs include all Federally Funded Research and Development Centers that are not administered by the federal government.

France, and the United Kingdom. The fraction of the GNP represented by total R&D expenditures in the United States has increased by about 27 percent since 1975, while the nondefense R&D fraction has increased by about 25 percent. Thus, the growth in research funding in the United States has exceeded the growth in the GNP. 2 reflects the fact that these countries have not had to support a defense-related R&D program. 3 shows federally funded research by performer for the years since 1969. 5 billion constant-year dollars (an increase of over 70 percent) since 1975.

The respondents estimated that the fraction of time spent doing actual science dropped from 74 percent in 1981 to 46 percent in 1991. ) Over the 1981-1991 time period, about one-third of the respondents were 100 percent dependent on research grant income for their salary support. D. graduates grew by 59 (more than one per respondent), consistent with the 10- to 15-year doubling period noted in Chapters 2 and 4. The reports from these 55 individual scientists in solar physics are consistent with the other data we examined: more proposals need to be written today for scientists to stay gainfully employed, resulting in less time for research.

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