By Leslie A. Schuster
During this research of the existence and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding employees within the 30 years prior to global conflict I, Schuster exhibits that the results of business construction for staff differed sharply in accordance with their assets and reports. She information the competing identities and divergent values maintained through shipbuilding staff, demonstrating that they have been fostered via the interplay among kingdom courses, commercial construction, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic financial guidelines for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on kingdom officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric software of capitalist equipment of creation intended a number of place of work reviews that additional undercut organization.
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Additional info for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910
Yet the intermittent and unstable pattern of economic expansion meant that urbanization also occurred in a piecemeal fashion. 75 On the contrary, urban development and social improvements at Saint-Nazaire occurred erratically, following the irregular pattern set by the city's leading industry. Saint-Nazaire's first population increase came in 1848, when construction of the first basin and of rail lines into Brittany and to Nantes attracted hundreds of unskilled laborers and their families to the city.
Nantes industries depended upon the cheap transport of raw materials, including phosphates from Algeria and Tunis, pyrites from Spain, nitrates from Chile, wood and wheat from the United States, cocoa from Brazil, wood and phosphates from An Industry Builds a Town 33 Argentina, and copper from the Philippines. The subsidiary benefits of this trade monopoly included the establishment of significant industries, such as sugar refining, biscuit-making, rice processing, and the manufacture of tin cans, soap, and phosphates, which by 1900 employed 17,500 workers.
An Industry Builds a Town 31 23. An 1862 French study found that ships built in Canada and finished in England sold at 250 francs per ton while vessels constructed in French yards cost 400 francs per ton. Ambroise Colin, La Navigation Commerciale au XIXe Siecle (Paris: Rousseau, 1901), 180; Barbance, Histoire de la Compagnie, 51; Autin, Les Freres Pereire, 170— 171. 24. AN 9AQ3 "Rapport Presente par le Conseil D'Administration," 19 December 1861, 11. British shipbuilders often held stock in shipping companies as one way to assure repeat vessel contracts.