By R. Zarzycki, A. Chacuk and J.M. Coulson (Auth.)
This ebook offers a pragmatic account of the fashionable thought of calculation of absorbers for binary and multicomponent actual absorption and absorption with simultaneous chemical response. The publication includes components: the speculation of absorption and the calculation of absorbers. half I covers uncomplicated wisdom on diffusion and the idea of mass move in binary and multicomponent platforms. major pressure is laid on diffusion conception simply because this varieties the foundation for the absorption approach. within the subsequent chapters the basics of simultaneous mass move and chemical response, the idea of the desorption of gases from beverages and the formula of differential mass balances are mentioned. half II is dedicated to the calculation of absorbers and the type of absorbers. The chapters current calculation tools for the fundamental varieties of absorber with an in depth research of the calculation tools for packed, plate and bubble columns. The authors illustrate the awarded fabric with a lot of examples, beginning with uncomplicated ones for binary structures and finishing with column calculation for multicomponent systems.
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Additional info for Absorption. Fundamentals & Applications
When two molecules get close to one another, they are subject to very complex interactions. Molecules attract each other at large distances and repel each other when the intermolecular distances are very small. The force field around molecules usually reveals some deviation from spherical symmetry. The theory of transport phenomena and particularly of diffusion in dilute gas mixtures was created independently by Enskog and Chapman. The dilute gas can be described completely by the distribution function of the molecules of the mixture components Φ (r,uj,t), where r = [x,y,z] is the position vector with 9 components x,y,z, time.
0 8 8 X 5 . 6 using data r from Table 3-5. 509, we have °'1 ?. 6 -I1 . "4 ? Liquid Phase; Nonelectrolyte Solutions Kinematic diffusion -10 -8 coefficients in the liquid phase range from 2 10 to 10 m/s. They depend on the temperature and concentration of a mixture, and to a small extent only, on pressure. Their dependence on pressure can usually be neglected. Diffusion coefficients in liquids increase with temperature. The dependence on the solute concentration and in multicomponent systems on the mixture composition is considerable and should be taken into account (the values for concentrated solutions can be much higher or lower than those for infinite dilute solutions).
Between % (or In the theory coefficients more D_ strictly was determined successfully. and multicomponent of and their dilute gases binary first the diffusion approximation As a result new and important forms of the constitutive diffusion equations, that is the Stefan-Maxwell equation for dilute gases, have been developed. The kinetic theory of diffusion in real fluids (in its present form) does not provide a similar opportunity. For these reasons formal correctness of the Stefan-Maxwell diffusion equations (3-56) and (3-57) is also assumed in the case of real fluids, with the condition that both coefficients and driving forces of diffusion must be modified.