By Yuri Bregel
Yuri Bregel's Atlas presents us with a bird's eye view of the advanced heritage of this crucial a part of the Islamic international, that is heavily hooked up with the background of Iran, Afghanistan, China, and Russia; at diverse occasions components of this area have been integrated in those neighboring states, and because 1991 5 new self sufficient states emerged in significant Asia: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. overlaying the 4th century B.C. to the current, the maps convey many of the political entities, their approximate borders, the key ethnic teams and their migrations, army campaigns and battles, and so forth. each one map is followed through a textual content which provides a concise survey of the most occasions of the political and ethnic heritage of the respective interval. With targeted maps at the distribution of the Turkmen, Uzbek, Qazaq, and Qirghiz tribes within the 19th-20th centuries, in addition to the site of significant archaeological websites and architectural monuments. The final map (Central Asia in 2000) exhibits current gasoline and oil pipelines.
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Extra info for An Historical Atlas of Central Asia (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch Der Orientalistik - Part 8: Uralic & Central Asian Studies, 9)
In the west, Samanid vassals were the Zaydi Imams in the Caspian provinces. In the north, after the conquest of Isfijab, the Samanids left in place the local Turkic rulers. All these vassals sent only annual presents to the Samanid court, but paid no taxes. The largest province of the Samanid state was Khorasan, with its center in Nishapur, whose governor was also the commander-in-chief (sipahsalar) of the Samanid army. In the 940s and 950s Abu #Ali Chaghani (from the Al-i Muhtaj dynasty) was the governor of Khorasan and was close to establishing his independent rule there.
In 747 Tang troops, having made a quick march from Kashghar through the Pamirs, captured Little Bolor from the Tibetans and established their garrisons there. In 749 Wakhan submitted to the Chinese. In 748 Tang troops captured and destroyed Suyab, the traditional center of the Western Türks. In early 750 the Chinese interfered in the conflict between the rulers of Chach and Ferghana and sent troops in support of the latter; Chach was captured and sacked, and its king was brought to China, where he was executed.
He suppressed the rebellions in Bukhara and Samarqand and, following an appeal from the son of the executed king of Chach, had troops gathered in Samarqand under Ziyad b. Salih to march against the Chinese. In July 751, the Tang army under Gao Xianzhi, which included also some Qarluqs, encountered them at the town of Atlakh, near Talas; during the battle, the Qarluqs switched sides, the Chinese were routed, and Gao Xianzhi escaped captivity only with great difficulty. This battle was a turning point in the history of Chinese expansion in Central Asia, but it was only in the 790s that the last remnants of the Chinese presence there disappeared (see map 10).