By Junko Thérèse Takeda
Among Crown and trade examines the connection among French royal statecraft, mercantilism, and civic republicanism within the context of the globalizing economic system of the early glossy Mediterranean world.
This is the tale of ways the French Crown and native associations accommodated each other as they sought to forge appropriate political and advertisement relationships with each other for the typical target of monetary prosperity. Junko Thérèse Takeda tells this story throughout the specific event of Marseille, a port the monarchy observed as key to advertisement growth within the Mediterranean.
At first, Marseille’s advertisement and political elites have been strongly against the Crown’s encroaching impact. instead of brush off their issues, the monarchy cleverly co-opted their civic traditions, practices, and associations to persuade the city’s elite in their vital function in Levantine trade. leader between such traditions have been neighborhood rules of citizenship and civic advantage. because the city’s stature in the course of the Mediterranean grew, despite the fact that, so too did the hazards of industrial growth as exemplified via the arriving of the bubonic plague. Marseille’s electorate reevaluated citizenship and service provider advantage in the course of the epidemic, whereas the French monarchy's use of the obstacle as a chance to extra expand its strength reanimated republican vocabulary.
Between Crown and trade deftly combines a political and highbrow heritage of state-building, mercantilism, and republicanism with a cultural heritage of scientific main issue. In doing so, the ebook highlights the conjoined historical past of wide transnational strategies and native political swap.
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Additional info for Between crown and commerce: Marseille and the early modern Mediterranean
41 Arnoul and d’Oppède initiated negotiations with the Chamber, without the participation of the Hôtel de Ville, which could not concern itself directly with commerce. The Chamber of Commerce decided, however, that the edict did not suit the ﬁnancial interests of Marseille’s merchant community. ” The abolition of all duties would be disastrous for the chamber. It would be deprived of the income that it spent to maintain the port, impose quarantines, police smugglers, and pay the stipend of the French ambassador in Constantinople.
Though the Crown had banned the traditional Marseillais nobility from municipal power in 1660, a number of nobles of the robe—mostly local antiquarians and historians—praised commercial expansion, arguing that kings liberated republics. This republican reading of history, similar to narratives developed in Renaissance Florence or Venice, was a cyclical story leading from ancient perfection via ruin to future regeneration. Local chroniclers began their narratives with the myth of classical Marseille, lamented how the republic had been corrupted, and celebrated its long-awaited resurrection.
Chapter 7 discusses how Marseille and France recovered from the medical and economic crises of 1720. Ultimately, the critique of commerce during the epidemic did not decimate France’s international market; commercial expansion reached new heights as France and Marseille turned again toward the Mediterranean to rebuild the French economy and centralized state. The mid eighteenth century was, in many ways, the crowning point of the optimistic philosophy of doux commerce. But as the claims of commercial apologists reached a crescendo, powerful arguments against commerce continued to resound, from calls for more vigilance in patriotic civic education to claims in favor of agricultural pursuits.