By Rosalind Thornton
Among the common rules are these referred to as the foundations of the binding thought. those ideas constrain the variety of interpretations that may be assigned to sentences containing reflexives and reciprocals, pronouns, and referring expressions. the main that's suitable for pronouns, precept B, has supplied a fertile flooring for the examine of linguistic improvement. even though it has lengthy been recognized that youngsters ascertain different types of mistakes that seem to contradict this precept, additional experimental and theoretical research finds that the kid does be aware of the grammatical precept, yet implements the pragmatic wisdom incorrectly. actually, discoveries pertaining to kid's wisdom of precept B are one of the such a lot famous within the learn of language acquisition as a result of the dissociation among syntactic and pragmatic wisdom (binding as opposed to reference).
In this ebook the authors deepen and expand the result of years of developmental research of precept B by means of learning the interplay of precept B with verb word ellipsis and houses of the translation of empty pronouns in ellipsis -- homes of "strict" and "sloppy" interpretation. this can be the 1st experimental research of those subject matters within the developmental literature. The extraordinary effects express that targeted predictions from the "pragmatic deficiency" conception appear to be right. Many novel experimental effects drawback the query of ways teenagers interpret pronouns, together with elided pronouns, and the way they comprehend vice chairman ellipsis. The authors current the mandatory theoretical heritage on precept B, evaluate and critique prior money owed of children mistakes, and current a singular account of why young children misread pronouns. The ebook will hence be of curiosity not just to readers attracted to the improvement of the binding concept, yet to these attracted to the improvement of interpretation and reference by means of children.
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Additional resources for Principle B, VP Ellipsis, and Interpretation in Child Grammar
He said that Bert touched the box. b. Because he heard a lion, Tommy ran fast. , sentences like (41a)), Grodzinsky and Reinhart point out that they also reject legitimate cases of backward anaphora like (41b) (Tavakolian 1977; Solan 1978; Lust, Loveland, and Kornet 1980; Lust and Clifford 1982). So, the claim goes, if children don't allow backward anaphora in cases like (41b), the fact that they don't allow it in (41a) does not show that they have knowledge of Principle C. In our view, there is a clear reason for the directionality effect: it is a product of the experimental methodology.
Children's interpretation of the pronoun in these sentences was tested using the dynamic truth value judgment task. To begin with the results from the control sentences: The group of children permitted the illicit reading of (20c) (in which Mama Bear washed herself) 28% of the time. However, 15 of the 24 children responded as adults to the control items; the nonadult responses came from just 9 of the children, who accepted coreference in sentences like Mama Bear washed her 69% of the time. , (20a)) on every one of the four trialsa 100% rejection rate.
Mama Bear is washing her)is presented in a suitably complex context, with the pronoun bearing heavy stress, it could end up that the two NPs (here, Mama Bear and her)present different guises of the same individual in the world, that is, the individual indicated by MB in (36). 19 This is the interpretation we introduced for such sentences in (11d) in chapter 1. Heim's third context, the structured-meaning context (see (37)), presents a further complication. The adult judgment is that coreference is permissible, yet in Heim's view the sentence type doesn't seem to involve two presentations of the individual (here, John).